SCIN 130 American Public University Hala Indigenous Plants Biology Presentation Develop an audio-narrated PowerPoint presentation based on the research you

SCIN 130 American Public University Hala Indigenous Plants Biology Presentation Develop an audio-narrated PowerPoint presentation based on the research you have conducted about your chosen species.

Assignment Instructions: Using the course project steps completed to date, you will develop your presentation based on the work you submitted for Assignments 1 and 2 as well as the feedback you were given.

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SCIN 130 American Public University Hala Indigenous Plants Biology Presentation Develop an audio-narrated PowerPoint presentation based on the research you
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To prepare for this assignment, I recommend that you do the following:

Read these directions carefully.
Review the grading rubric at the bottom of the page. The grading rubric is a detailed evaluation that I will use to assess your performance. It will also help you understand what is expected of you as you prepare your assignment.
Message me with any questions!

Presentation requirements:

Your presentation will be submitted as an audio-narrated PowerPoint. For instructions on how to create audio narration in PowerPoint, see the following link: Record a Slide Show With Narration. Audio narration is a requirement!
There must be a visual element (e.g., photos, videos, graphs, figures).
Your presentation must contain approximately 10-15 slides (excluding references) and run approximately 5-10 minutes.
Please note that less than 10% of your presentation should contain direct quotes.
Proper use and pronunciation of scientific terminology are required. For help with pronunciation, see this link: Cambridge Dictionary
Be sure to properly cite your work, both internal to the presentation as well as within the reference slide (this includes photos, graphs, figures, videos, etc.).
All references listed on the reference slide should be cited internally within the presentation, and vice versa.

The required elements: Your presentation should contain the following elements in the order listed below.

The Body – Plants ONLY

You must include a brief physical description. You can use your personal observations. If you cannot safely observe your organism, you must research.
Size, Coloring, Leaf arrangement, flower color, etc.
Life Cycle and Reproduction
Life Cycle: describe the life cycle of your organism. The life cycle refers to the series of changes that happens from the beginning of life as your organism develops and grows into a mature organism. Please see here for some hints on the Life Cycle. Plants can be a bit more complicated, so if you have any questions please feel free to ask!
Reproduction: You must discuss the reproductive strategies of your organism. Are there any specific structure or cells involved in reproduction? Are the flowers specialized?
Structure and Function
Please select one organ system of your organism that you find to be particularly interesting and describe both the anatomy and physiology of that system.
If your organism is a plant, here are a list of the general plant organ systems
If you have selected a fungus the concept can be more complex. Please contact me directly for more help if needed.
Energy Ecology
If you can observe these, that is best. If not, research.
How does your plant harvest the energy from the sun? How does it store the energy
Where your organism lives. This does not refer to a city or state, but rather the natural environment in which your organism lives.
You should consider abiotic factors, such as soil, water, etc., as well as biotic factors, such as predators, hosts, etc.

Conclusions – ALL

This section must contain:
Four to six points that sum up the main topics of the presentation that you have in your outline

Reference Slide(s) and Internal Citations – ALL

This section must contain:
Internal citations – This is not just a separate section; rather, referencing should occur throughout the presentation via parenthetical citations anytime you paraphrase, make direct quotes, or use visual components from other sources. Please be sure to cite any language, images, videos, etc. in the presentation that should be cited.
Reference Slide – Your presentation should also have a final reference slide listing 5-10 credible sources researched for your presentation. NOTE: these are not included in the slide count for your presentation.
Do not include your summary/evaluation from Assignment 1: Annotated Bibliography; simply list the references utilized in your presentation in APA format on the reference slide.


10-15 slides

last slide titled “References”. More than five credible references were utilized.

Superb layout and use of all visuals which enhance the understanding of the research topic and generate interest.

Clear text with excellent use of font size, type, and color.

I can do the voice narrative. Thank you 🙂 SCIN130 – Introduction to Biology with Lab
Annotated Bibliography
Name: Clorissa Jones
Course Number: SCIN130
Presentation Topic: Hala
Source #1
(in APA format)
Gallaher, T. (2014). The Past and Future of Hala (Pandanus tectorius) in
Hawai ‘i. ‘Ike Ulana Lau Hala: The Vitality and Vibrancy of Lau Hala Weaving
Traditions in Hawaii, 94.
The paper seeks to provide the ecological foundations of the Hala plant
(Pandanus tectorius) in an attempt to outline the critical ways in which the
plant has supported the culture and survival of the people in the broader
Pacific region. The source is a review of a wide array of existing knowledge
about the plant. Gallaher finds out that Hala has a broad range of use in the
region, including being used as a staple food, traditional medicine, housing,
fiber/clothing, and making canoes. The study also found that due to the
increasing threat of extinction that Hala faces, some of the locals have taken
the initiative of resource management and are working hard to ensure that
the plant can survive into the future.
Gallaher’s (2014) is a peer-reviewed article that is featured in a book titled
“’Ike Ulana Lau Hala: The Vitality and Vibrancy of Lau Hala Weaving
Traditions in Hawai’i.” The author is currently a curator of botany at Bernice
Pauahi Bishop Museum. She has a wide array of skills and proficiencies in
such areas as natural sciences, evolution, systematics, biodiversity, and
ecology. The book in which the article appears was published in 2014 by the
University of Hawaii Press, under the editorship of Marsha MacDowell and
Lia O’Neill M. A. Keawe.
Source #2
(in APA format)
Awad, E., Austin, D., Lyndon, A., & Awaad, A. (2019). Possible effect of Hala
extract (Pandanus tectorius) on immune status, anti-tumor, and resistance
to Yersinia ruckeri infection in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish &
shellfish immunology, 87, 620-626.
American Public University System
May 2018
SCIN130 – Introduction to Biology with Lab
The main objective of the study was to determine whether Hala extract has
any impact on the overall immunity of the rainbow trout. It was an original
quantitative study. One of the key findings from the study was that the fish
groups that had been fed with Hala extract noted a considerable reduction
in their mortality rates. Based on the findings, it would be possible to
conclude that used in the highest doses, Hala extracts can significantly
enhance immunity, resist tumor development, and reduce the adversity of
infectious diseases in rainbow trout.
The paper is a peer-reviewed scholarly article. The four authors are all
scientists and researchers in various institutions, mostly focusing on the life
and earth sciences, as well as hydrobiology. The article was published in
Fish & shellfish immunology, a very reputable and credible journal in the
discipline of science. Overall, the article is compelling, and its contents can
be trusted.
Source #3
(in APA format)
Andriani, Y., Ramli, N. M., Syamsumir, D. F., Kassim, M. N. I., Jaafar, J.,
Aziz, N. A., … & Mohamad, H. (2019). Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant,
antibacterial, and cytotoxicity properties of keys and cores part of Pandanus
tectorius fruits. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 12(8), 3555-3564.
Informed by the underutilization of the Hala plants in South East Asia, this
study sought to delve deeper into examining the total phenolic content
(TPC), phytochemical content, cytotoxicity properties, and antibacterial and
antioxidant activities of Pandanus tectorius fruits. It is an original
quantitative study that focuses on testing various extracts from the plant
for a wide array of components. From the findings, it was determined that
the plant has good antibacterial and antioxidant activity and no cytotoxic
activity. It was also determined that there is hope for the plant to be further
studied to establish whether it can have anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, and
anti-atherosclerosis features.
The study was a peer-reviewed article. All authors who took part in the
study are researchers based in the Institute of Marine Biotechnology,
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu. One of them (Yosie Andriani) is also
affiliated to the Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural
Sciences, Universitas Bengkulu (UNIB), Indonesia. The work was published
in the Arabian Journal of Chemistry.
American Public University System
May 2018
Clorissa Jones
Professor Fenn
American Military University
04 July 2020
Pandanus Species
A. Organism Introduction
1. Common names: Hala/Pandanus/Pu hala/Screw pine plant. Scientific names: (Pandanus
tectorius, Pandanus chamissonis, Pandanus douglasii, Pandanus menziesii, or Pandanus
odoratissimus) (Carr, 2011; Matsunaga, 2015).
2. Hala plant is found in almost all parts of Hawaii. It is an indigenous plant in Hawaii
islands although there may have been other introductions by the early Polynesians (Carr,
3. Hala plants are important trees in the coastline because they prevent invasion by plants
such as red mangrove and soil erosion in the coastline (Native Plants Hawaii, 2009). The
trees are also useful to humans in ways such as construction weaving, food, and medical
source (Matsunaga, 2015; Gallaher, 2014).
Figure 1: Shows a growing Pandanus tectorious, fruits, bark, and how it looks (Selvam, 2017)
II. The Body
A. Physical Description
a. Pandanus is relatively small in size and grows between 20-30 feet in heigh and ranges
between 15-35 feet in diameter. It has a stout trunk with blade like leaves that have spines on the
edges. Some trees have spines also on the midribs and others do not have the spines at all. The
leaves are spiral and appear on the ends of the branches and when they fall, they leave spiral
marks on the branches. The trees also have prop roots on the stem and branches. They produce
flowers and segmented fruits.
The leaves are either medium or dark green while flower’s color range from cream to white.
B. Life Cycle and Reproduction
1. can take between 50-80 years for a tree to mature. They can be propagated as seedlings or
cuttings. For seedlings, it grows to a semi prostrate juvenile stage, erectile trunk stage, and then
Pandanus Species
to the flowering stage. They may remain in the flowering stage for up to 25 years (Adkar et al.,
2. pandanus reproduce sexually and has male and female plants. The male and female flowers
are different and are fragrant. The female plant bears flowers 1-3 times in a year. The male
flowers fragrant and distinctive from the female flowers. Small insects and wind help in
pollination of these plants. Asexual development of seeds present-apomixis (Carr, 2011).
C. Structure and Function
The shoot organ system is made up of leaves, stem, branches, flowers, and fruits. The leaves
emerge from the ends of the branches and the branches are distributed in the stem in all angles.
The flowers are fragrant, and either cream or white in color. The fruits are segmented and look
like pineapples. The fruits form after the pollination of flowers. Leaves have rectangular
epidermal cells covered by a thick cuticle. It has the parenchyma, and mesophyll forms the
largest part of the leaves. Also has sclerenchyma, collenchyma, and the vascular bundles (Adkar
et al., 2014).
D. Energy Ecology
1. Has chlorophyll- does photosynthesis, store the energy inform of starch.
E. Habitat
Pandanus grown in soils that are poor, salty, and sandy in windy and hot places. it grows in well
drained soils. It is tolerant to salt and xeric (Native Plants Hawaii, 2009).
Threatened by the invasive scale insect-can cause yellowing, reduction of leaf length,
discoloration, stunting, and twisting. Can also affect fruits causing crowns and eventual death of
the tree.
Pandanus hosts the scale insect (Matsunaga, 2015).
Human threat-human use in weaving, household furnishing, food, and construction (Matsunaga,
2015; Gallaher, 2014).
III. The Conclusion Section
Hala plant is one of the indigenous plants in Hawaii and there are various species under the
genus Pandanus.
Pandanus grow on the coastline and are important in preventing erosion and invasive attacks by
red mangroves.
They can be propagated either through seedlings or cuttings and take a considerable amount of
time before they mature.
They have both sexual reproduction which occurs with pollination of flowers and asexual
reproduction through apomixis.
It is photosynthetic and grows in poor soils that are sandy and salty.
Helps in ecosystem sustenance through photosynthesis by taking up carbon dioxide from the
Hala plants are important in the human life considering that they can be used in various human
Pandanus Species
Adkar, P. P., & Bhaskar, V. H. (2014). Pandanus odoratissimus (Kewda): a review on
ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and nutritional aspects. Advances in
pharmacological sciences, 2014.
Carr. G. (2011). Pandanus tectorius. Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database. Retrieved
July 5, 2020 from
Gallaher, T. (2014). The Past and Future of Hala (Pandanus tectorius) in Hawai ‘i. ‘Ike Ulana
Lau Hala: The Vitality and Vibrancy of Lau Hala Weaving Traditions in Hawaii, 94
Matsunaga. J. N. (2015). Hala Scale Thysanococcus pandani Stickney. Plant Pest Control
Branch, Hawaii Department of Agriculture. Retrieved July 5, 2020 from
Native Plants Hawaii. (2009). Pandanus tectorius. University of Hawaii. Retrieved July 5, 2020
Selvam, V. E. (2017). Trees and shrubs of the Maldives. RAP Publication, (12).

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